Robert Harmel, Matthew Giebert, Kenneth Janda's American Parties in Context: Comparative and Historical PDF

By Robert Harmel, Matthew Giebert, Kenneth Janda

ISBN-10: 0203756088

ISBN-13: 9780203756089

ISBN-10: 0415843677

ISBN-13: 9780415843676

Approximately sixty-five years in the past, a gaggle of political scientists working because the "Committee on Political events" of the yank Political organization idea hard and long approximately even if the yank events have been properly serving their democracy, and made particular thoughts for advancements. evaluating the events of this kingdom to these of serious Britain, the Committee chanced on the yankee events to be missing in such basics as transparent coverage changes, powerful and powerful association, and team spirit of function between each one party’s representatives in public offices.

Starting from that history, this publication is meant to noticeably improve scholars‘ realizing of the yankee events this day by way of placing them in broader context. How do the twenty-first century Democrats and Republicans examine to the APSA Committee’s "responsible events version" of the mid-twentieth? and the way do the yank events evaluate to events of different democracies around the globe, together with particularly the British parties?

Harmel, Giebert, and Janda solution these questions and, within the technique, display that the yank events have moved considerably towards the liable events version, yet whereas exhibiting little inclination for enforcing the better self-discipline the Committee proposal crucial. Already having supplied as a lot ideological selection because the British events, the U.S. events have now edged nearer at the different severe requirement of legislative solidarity. The authors express that the latter has resulted "naturally" from the better homogenization of the which means of "Democrat" and "Republican" around the state, either in the voters and now inside of Congress in addition. The dramatic bring up in unity isn't the made of higher social gathering self-discipline, yet fairly of sectoral realignments.

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Extra resources for American Parties in Context: Comparative and Historical Analysis

Example text

Two of the six are indicators of how well organized a party is at the national level: • • “structural articulation,” scored from 0 to 11, with higher scores assigned when there are numerous national organs that have clearly specified functions to carry out; and “records and research,” scored from 0 to 16, with higher scores indicating greater capacity for carrying out such basic organizational activities as research, publication, and record-keeping. Three of the indicators tap into the degree of lower-level party organ ization and activity: • • • “intensiveness of organization,” referring to the relative size of the party’s smallest organizational units and scored from 1 (where the national level is the only level of party organization) to 6 (where the lowest level involves 100 members or less, as in the case of communist party cells); “frequency of local meetings,” tapping the level of activity of local organizational units and scored from 0 to 6, with higher scores assigned when local meetings are frequent; and “extensiveness of organization,” referring to how widespread are the smallest units of organization and with scores ranging from 0 to 6; higher scores apply when the country is thoroughly covered, lower scores when the smallest units are concentrated in just part of the country.

Both parties maintained a publishing program and research divisions, though those activities were more active within the Republican Party. The Democrats received outside organizational support from labor unions at both the state and national levels, while the Republicans’ allied organizations were limited to their women’s and youth groups. We turn to those comparisons now. 1 contains the results of the coding for all six indicators of party organization, for the four major parties of Great Britain as well as the United States, as they looked in the early 1950s.

The Irish Fianna Fail has required new members to sign a card declaring acceptance of the party’s constitution and all members must actively participate in local party activities and particularly election activities; in addition, a member must not be “guilty of conduct unbecoming a member of the organization” or face expulsion from the party (Katz and Mair 1992: 406). Members are “part of” the party; voters support it from the outside. In the United States, where the parties don’t have members in that sense, the more appropriate distinction is between a party’s “activists” and those who merely vote for its candidates.

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American Parties in Context: Comparative and Historical Analysis by Robert Harmel, Matthew Giebert, Kenneth Janda


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