Download e-book for iPad: A Unified Theory of Party Competition: A Cross-National by James F. Adams, Samuel Merrill III, Bernard Grofman

By James F. Adams, Samuel Merrill III, Bernard Grofman

ISBN-10: 0511115555

ISBN-13: 9780511115554

ISBN-10: 0521836441

ISBN-13: 9780521836449

The authors clarify how events and applicants place themselves at the Left-Right ideological measurement and different factor dimensions. Their unified theoretical method of voter habit and get together ideas takes under consideration voter personal tastes, voter's partisan attachments, anticipated turnout, and the site of the political established order. The technique, demonstrated via wide cross-national research, contains stories of the plurality-based two-party contests within the U.S. and multiple-party festival in France, Britain, and Norway.

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Extra info for A Unified Theory of Party Competition: A Cross-National Analysis Integrating Spatial and Behavioral Factors

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Advocate policies that are more extreme than those they would advocate if discounting did not occur. In order to implement the Grofman discounting model, we denote by dk the discounting factor for party k, which, for simplicity, we will assume is the same for all voters and for each issue dimension. The factors dk all lie between 0 and 1. 75. 3B). In general, if SQ denotes the status quo point, the voters anticipate that candidate k, who advocates policy at sk , will implement policy at location S Q + (1 − dk )(sk − S Q).

6) j 5 In general, the nonpolicy contribution to voter utility is given by bk tik = bkl tikl . xml CY518/Adams 0 521 83644 1 How Voters Decide March 2, 2005 23 where aj is the policy-salience parameter for the jth issue to be estimated from the data, and, as before, Vi (k) denotes the deterministic component of utility. 6, Vi (k) now represents all measured elements – both policy-related and non-policy-related – of the voter’s utility. 6, which represents the behavioral researcher’s typical specification for analyzing voting, the unified model (see Markus and Converse 1979; Page and Jones 1979; Erikson and Romero 1990; Alvarez and Nagler 1995; Dow 1999).

We show theoretically that such effects have consequences for party location that are similar to those of party identification – namely, generating pressures for party divergence. Empirically, the degree of assimilation and contrast is assessed for each of the four countries discussed in earlier chapters. In Chapters 11 and 12, we shift from a focus on voter motivations to a focus on party motivations. Heretofore we have attempted to explain parties’ strategies by assuming only their responses to voter behavior.

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A Unified Theory of Party Competition: A Cross-National Analysis Integrating Spatial and Behavioral Factors by James F. Adams, Samuel Merrill III, Bernard Grofman


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