Werner Hüllen's A History of Roget's Thesaurus: Origins, Development, and PDF

By Werner Hüllen

ISBN-10: 0199254729

ISBN-13: 9780199254729

ISBN-10: 1423788761

ISBN-13: 9781423788768

Roget's glossary was once first released in 1852 and has become probably the most well-known and widely-used reference works on this planet. this can be the 1st account of its genesis. Werner Hüllen contends that synonymy (words with related meanings) is a function of language with out which shall we now not speak. He describes the improvement within the concept and perform of synonymy from Plato to the 17th century, whilst the 1st English synonym dictionaries began appearing. Roget's glossary, the 1st synonym dictionary prepared in topical order, represents an vastly major height during this improvement. This e-book exposes the conceptual framework at the back of the word list and indicates the way it could be interpreted as a predecessor of linguistic semantics.

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E. e. by the collection of individual word meanings. The internal order of fields can be discerned only holistically, and this is a prerequisite for understanding any of its members. 2 Reception Looking back on Trier’s contribution to semantics (Lyons 1977: 250–69), it is somewhat astonishing that it made such an impact. 18 This is, of course, only a theoretical possibility without any practical value. 44 Words, words, words After all, the concept of synonymy had been known for centuries and, even if it lacked a theoretical basis as presently conceived, it had been constantly exploited for the determination of word meanings.

The general determination of a field can be given as an archelexeme, but it need not be lexicalized itself. It can also appear in a descriptive phrase. It is not an abstraction from its member lexemes, but a hierarchically higher concept which may again be part of a field. This means that, within a whole language, fields are arranged hierarchically and operate on various levels of meaning. According to Trier, the semantic definition of a single lexeme is possible only by referring to the total field it belongs to and by observing the (often minimal) contrasts between such lexemes as are close to each other.

Starting from any given word, we can arrange other words which have many overlapping semantic features around them, and again others where the number of these overlapping features decreases, and where they finally disappear. Instead, other features will find their companion lexemes. This does not mean that we store the words in our memories in this way. The arrangement around any accidentally selected word is an artificial order we give to lexis according to similarities of meanings. Artificiality does not mean arbitrariness, because the ordering follows communicative interests.

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A History of Roget's Thesaurus: Origins, Development, and Design by Werner Hüllen

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