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Measurement based large-signal diode modeling system for circuit and device design, IEEE Trans. Microw. , 41: 2211–2217, 1993. 3. S. Ramo, J. R. Whinnery, and T. , p. 817. New York: Wiley, 194. 4. C. S. Chang, Electrical design of signal lines for multilayer printed circuit boards. IBM J. Res. , 32 (5): 647–657, 1988. 5. com/ tmo/hpeeof. 6. T. , Darmstadt, January 1994. 7. , Pittsburgh, 1995. 8. W. J. R. Hoefer and P. So, The Electromagnetic Wave Simulator, New York: Wiley, 1991. 9. H. Hasegawa, M.

In practical cases, each line is terminated by a load that is isolated from other loads. Assuming for simplicity the resistive termina- ρD = (Y0 + YD )−1 (Y0 − YD ) where YD is the admittance matrix of drivers. Terminating Loads. In signal transmission, the reflections must be controlled because they generate noise that may cause faults. In the case of a single line, we can control the reflection coefficient by the load impedance. However, in the case of multiconductor lines, we do not have a complete control over the reflections because in practical applications we can control m load values (m is the number of lines) only, but there are m(m ϩ 1)/2 different reflection coefficients considering that the matrices PR͗D͘ are symmetric.

Changes their logical state as a result of an input signal), while the input signal to one (or more) of the drivers remains constant. Such a driver with constant input signal will be called quiescent. We shall discuss the effect of switching in the signal line involving this driver. We will consider two simplified cases: (1) the switching drivers are at logic ‘‘1,’’ with their output voltages close to VDD, and they receive an input signal to switch to logic ‘‘0’’ while the quiescent driver is at logic ‘‘0’’ with its output voltage close to the VDD LDD1 Chip A ...

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11.Components, Packaging, and Manufacturing Technology by John G. Webster (Editor)

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